Avec Florian Schmaltz, Research Director of the Research Program History of the Max Planck Society, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science.

Jeudi 18 février 2016, 17h à 19h

Institut des sciences de la communication
20 rue Berbier-du-Mets, Paris 13e
Métro 7 « Les Gobelins »

 
Séminaire Histoire des sciences, histoire de l’innovation

Aerodynamic Research in France under German Occupation in the Second World War

 
18 février 2016, 17h à 19h, ISCC

Accueil > Évènements > Séminaires et ateliers réguliers > Histoire des sciences, histoire de l’innovation > 2015/2016

 

Résumé

A few weeks after the German Wehrmacht had invaded and occupied Western Europe in May 1940 the aeronautical production and research facilities were systematically evaluated by German experts to integrate them as new resources to support the German war efforts. The Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt (AVA) Göttingen was put in charge of the important aeronautical research establishments in France, the Netherlands, the Ukraine, Poland, Czechoslowakia and Norway that formed a network of satellite institutes adding new resources to the German military research. In the western occupied territories the Laboratoire St. Cyr and the Laboratoire Eiffel and the laboratory of Hispania Suiza (Paris) in France and the NLL (Amsterdam) in the Netherlands were integrated in this network. The talk will focus on the development of aerodynamic research in France under German control during WW II. How was the distribution of labour among the institutes organized ? What specific role played the French establishments in the network of satellite institutes of the AVA ? To which fields of war relevant research did the experimental systems and scientists in France contribute under German occupation ? How did the occupation policy affect the scientific research itself ? How did the German scientists secure that war relevant knowledge was kept secret ? What strategies were used to make the French scientists collaborate ? Did those strategies change during the occupation period and how did Germans scientists deal with the repression of resistance ?