Avec la participation de Nancy Lee Peluso de l’université de Californie.

 
Séminaire Gouverner le vivant

Frontiers of Commodification : State Lands and their Formalization

 
Lundi 18 novembre 2013, 14h à 16h, MNHN

Accueil > Évènements > Séminaires et ateliers réguliers > Gouverner le vivant

 
  • Nancy Lee Peluso, University of California, Berkeley
  • Discutante : Monica Castro, Université de Lausanne

Présentation

Abstract : “Land formalization is the practice by which state administrators and managers of land document, legalize, register, title, and assign property rights in land through bureaucratic means. Whatever "kind" of property rights are established—private or state ; common or individual—the process generates authority and power for the formalizing body—an agency of the state—and for the state as a governing institution as well. Formalization serves the purpose of making land, its uses, its claimants, and its transactions more visible, legible, and controllable to state authorities. Formalization is also a critical step in the production of a market society, in which nearly all social relations and socio-natural relations are commodified, and market relations subsume virtually all social relations. Formalization and its effects are important to understand needs because formal property rights are integral to nearly all global and national scale land transactions, and a prerequisite to international institutions’ recognition of any state, private, or non-profit land holdings.

This paper argues that state land formalization is located precisely at the intersection of national state power and a still-emerging global market society and lays the foundations for the opening of new frontiers of commodification, power, and dispossession in a world of market triumphalism. State territories are a relatively new frontier in this dynamic, globally uneven process of commodity production ; many state lands are no longer spaces of rule and sovereign power but state property for commodification and investment. State agencies and actors are turning state territories into new commodities, sometimes even transferring them to capitalist enterprises to benefit foreign, not domestic, interests. Using examples of state land transformations in Ethiopia, Cameroon, and Indonesia as case studies, we explore how different historical trajectories and moments of state land formalization have enabled contemporary commodifications and transfers of rights and access to state land.

La communication se fera en anglais et français, la discussion et les débats en français.

Informations pratiques

Lundi 18 novembre 2013, 14h à 16h

Amphithéâtre de Paléontologie
Muséum national d’histoire naturelle
Galerie de paléontologie
2 rue Buffon, Paris 5e
Métro « Gare d’Austerlitz »